Each year each year, each year, the National Protocol Archives of Australia. Releases the cabinet documents that date back 20 years ago. The latest batch of records released today. This document, derived from the cabinet documents of 2002, set in the context of two events from the year before.
The first occurred in the month of August 2001, when Australian soldiers took on board. The Norwegian boat, MV Tampa, carrying more than 400 asylum seeking asylum seekers.
The Howard government swiftly introduced legislation that would prohibit unauthorized arrivals from landing on the Australian mainland. The government also decided that people arriving via boat should processed off shore.
The second major event in 2001 was the terrorist Al-Qaeda assaults on US mainland on September 11, 2001. The attacks brought about the new era of security in international and Australian political life that continues until the present. They also resulted in two conflicts that Australia took part. The first one, in Afghanistan was in effect from 2001 to 2022. The second, the operation through the coalition of the willing. In Iraq began in 2003, following the decision taken in Washington in 2002.
The two major events of 2001, Tampa and the September 11 attacks completely dominated Labor’s. Campaign and led in the 3rd consecutive win by the Coalition parties. In the federal election that held in November of that year.
The Pacific Solution And Immigration Protocol
A large portion of the cabinet documents from 2002 are related with the Howard government’s adherence to its Pacific Solution. These comprise offshore processing on Papua New Guinea and Nauru. In addition to the construction of a brand new immigration detention. Canter located on Christmas Island, and revamping immigration centers located on the mainland.
A conference held in Indonesia during February 2002 resulted in being the Bali Process. An official international forum that facilitates discussion and information sharing regarding issues related to the issue of people-smuggling.
Other papers refer to the normal immigration program of Australia which also included. The special humanitarian program for refugees who are not arriving by boat. So, those who tried to reach the country via boats not accepted. However, those who were fortunate to taken from refugee camps all over the globe were able to prosper.
Four players from those in the 2022 World Cup Soccer squad were born in Africa and three of them. Were refugees who arrived in Australia through the special human rights program. The defender Thomas Deng, for example was born in Kenya. To parents who left Sudan and relocated to Australia in 2003.
National Security Protocol
Other highlights from the cabinet papers are related to national security defense, foreign policy and counter-terrorism. The most memorable moment of 2002 tragically lost for Australia on the 12th. October on the day that Jemaah Islamiyah terrorist group detonated an explosive in the tourist zone of Bali. Over 200 victims killed, with 88 Australians as well. Two brief cabinet minutes with oral report to the cabinet speak to the massive quantity of work carried out. By the agencies, including that of Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade during the aftermath of the Bali crisis.
Other documents deal with peace-keeping operations in troubled areas. In the region, such as East Timor, Bougainville and the Solomon Islands. The mission in the past an opening for the Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands that established in 2003.
There are numerous documents from the Defense Minister Robert Hill on the defense program and acquisitions. In this year, Hill issued the most frank public criticism in his Defense of Australia strategy. Which had been the basis of Australian defense policy from the 1980s onwards.
Hill suggested a new strategy in his said. It may not have been logical to imagine our security interests in terms of shrinking concentric. Circles around our coastlines however it definitely isn’t the case today.
The debate over strategic strategy in which Hill participated in 2002 is still a fervent debate 20 years later. Learn more about how the Bali bombings altered our relations with Indonesia.
Climate Changes, The Environment And Heritage
Questions relating to climate change as well as heritage, environment and climate change. As much prominence in Howard’s cabinet of 2002 like they do today.
In a crucial way, following the example by US president George W. Bush, cabinet members decided to not adopt the Kyoto Protocol in 1997. Kyoto Protocol.
It was the European Union and Japan ratified the protocol in 2002. It was only in 2005, following ratification by Russia and Canada the protocol was put into effect. The cabinet of Australia listened to the recommendations not to burden its industry. With emissions and trade by committing to commitments that were not agreed upon by competitors.
The decision to not adopt ratification at the time of 2002 was an indication of the country’s inability to sustain a significant climate change policy through the period to 2022.
Transport And Economic, Social And Transport Policy
Vice-Prime Minister John Anderson made several submissions regarding regional and transport policy. In oneof them, the cabinet members decided not to go ahead with the idea of an extremely high-speed rail line that would connect Brisbane and Melbourne due to economic reasons. Twenty years after it is government officials from the Albanese cabinet has reversed its decision.
Communication Minister Richard Alston obtained cabinet approval for a set of major media reforms that have negative implications for the diversity of Australian media. The reforms couldn’t, however take effect until after 2004, when the coalition parties took control of the Senate.
Other submissions are related to economic policy, such as that first Integenerational report on welfare policies, health policy, and agreements with states on issues such as housing.
Indigenous Policy Protocol
The release also contains significant submissions regarding Indigenous policy. One voted to review the functioning of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Island Commission which was that was established under Hawke and then disbanded in 2005.
In a different way, the government opted not to follow the recommendations from the Council for Aboriginal Reconciliation, including a treaty and recognition of Indigenous people in a brand new part of the Constitution.
In 2007, shortly before the vote was over, Howard changed his mind regarding the Constitutional issue. It is possible that Howard’s change of heart was an important move in the current movement towards a constitutionally protected Indigenous Voice to Parliament.
Omissions And Inclusions Protocol
The subject matter is not always presented to cabinet, and some were only mentioned in brief minute or oral presentations made by ministers.
There isn’t a submission for instance, regarding Howard’s agreement to conclude a 25 billion natural gas deal with China. In this case, Howard made a significant move in his evolving trade relations with China.
Twenty years later, 20 years later, the Australian people are still suffering from the failure of the Commonwealth and states to implement an energy reserve policy for the east coast of Australia.
Also, there’s only a few minutes of Howard’s conversations in June 2002 with Bush during June of 2002. There is not enough to determine the significance they might have had in the later invasion of Iraq semangatriang.com.
Cabinet records are just the topmost point of the pyramid. Records of specific agencies (which could be sought by individual researchers in the following twenty decades) are equally important to the history record.
This is why it is essential for the National Archives to adequately equipped to fulfill its crucial role as official repository for the records of all the Australian people. In this regard, removing the efficiency dividends that paid to the National Archives and other struggling cultural institutions is an ideal beginning.